Thursday, July 26, 2007


(Embedded image moved to file: pic05447.jpg) MASTER ASTRONOMER AND
MATHEMATICIAN Born in 476 CE in Kusumpur ( Bihar ), Aryabhatt's
intellectual brilliance remapped the boundaries of mathematics and
astronomy. In 499 CE, at the age of 23, he wrote a text on astronomy and
an unparallel treatise on mathematics called "Aryabhatiyam." He
formulated the process of calculating the motion of planets and the time
of eclipses. Aryabhatt was the first to proclaim that the earth is
round, it rotates on its axis, orbits the sun and is suspended in space
- 1000 years before Copernicus published his heliocentric theory. He is
also acknowledged for calculating p (Pi) to four decimal places: 3.1416
and the sine table in trigonometry. Centuries later, in 825 CE, the Arab
mathematician, Mohammed Ibna Musa credited the value of Pi to the
Indians, "This value has been given by the Hindus." And above all, his
most spectacular contribution was the concept of zero without which
modern computer technology would have been non-existent. Aryabhatt was a
colossus in the field of mathematics.
(Embedded image moved to file: pic21726.jpg) GENIUS IN ALGEBRA Born in
the obscure village of Vijjadit (Jalgaon) in Maharastra,
Bhaskaracharya's work in Algebra, Arithmetic and Geometry catapulted him
to fame and immortality. His renowned mathematical works called
"Lilavati" and "Bijaganita" are considered to be unparalled and a
memorial to his profound intelligence. Its translation in several
languages of the world bear testimony to its eminence. In his treatise "
Siddhant Shiromani " he writes on planetary positions, eclipses,
cosmography, mathematical techniques and astronomical equipment. In the
" Surya Siddhant " he makes a note on the force of gravity: "Objects
fall on earth due to a force of attraction by the earth. Therefore, the
earth, planets, constellations, moon, and sun are held in orbit due to
this attraction." Bhaskaracharya was the first to discover gravity, 500
years before Sir Isaac Newton . He was the champion among mathematicians
of ancient and medieval India . His works fired the imagination of
Persian and European scholars, who through research on his works earned
fame and popularity.

(Embedded image moved to file: pic14771.jpg) FOUNDER OF ATOMIC THEORY As
the founder of " Vaisheshik Darshan "- one of six principal philosophies
of India - Acharya Kanad was a genius in philosophy. He is believed to
have been born in Prabhas Kshetra near Dwarika in Gujarat . He was the
pioneer expounder of realism, law of causation and the atomic theory. He
has classified all the objects of creation into nine elements, namely:
earth, water, light, wind, ether, time, space, mind and soul. He says,
"Every object of creation is made of atoms which in turn connect with
each other to form molecules." His statement ushered in the Atomic
Theory for the first time ever in the world, nearly 2500 years before
John Dalton . Kanad has also described the dimension and motion of atoms
and their chemical reactions with each other. The eminent historian,
T.N. Colebrook , has said, "Compared to the scientists of Europe , Kanad
and other Indian scientists were the global masters of this field."

(Embedded image moved to file: pic11538.jpg) WIZARD OF CHEMICAL SCIENCE
He was an extraordinary wizard of science born in the nondescript
village of Baluka in Madhya Pradesh . His dedicated research for twelve
years produced maiden discoveries and inventions in the faculties of
chemistry and metallurgy. Textual masterpieces like " Ras Ratnakar ,"
and "Rasendramangal" are his renowned contributions to the science of
chemistry. Where the medieval alchemists of England failed, Nagarjuna
had discovered the alchemy of transmuting base metals into gold. As the
author of medical books like "Arogyamanjari" and "Yogasar," he also made
significant contributions to the field of curative medicine. Because of
his profound scholarliness and versatile knowledge, he was appointed as
Chancellor of the famous University of Nalanda . Nagarjuna's milestone
discoveries impress and astonish the scientists of today.
(Embedded image moved to file: pic01869.jpg) FATHER OF MEDICINE Acharya
Charak has been crowned as the Father of Medicine. His renowned work,
the " Charak Samhita ", is considered as an encyclopedia of Ayurveda.
His principles, diagoneses, and cures retain their potency and truth
even after a couple of millennia. When the science of anatomy was
confused with different theories in Europe , Acharya Charak revealed
through his innate genius and enquiries the facts on human anatomy,
embryology, pharmacology, blood circulation and diseases like diabetes,
tuberculosis, heart disease, etc. In the " Charak Samhita " he has
described the medicinal qualities and functions of 100,000 herbal
plants. He has emphasized the influence of diet and activity on mind and
body. He has proved the correlation of spirituality and physical health
contributed greatly to diagnostic and curative sciences. He has also
prescribed and ethical charter for medical practitioners two centuries
prior to the Hippocratic oath. Through his genius and intuition, Acharya
Charak made landmark contributions to Ayurvedal. He forever remains
etched in the annals of history as one of the greatest and noblest of

(Embedded image moved to file: pic19912.jpg) FATHER OF PLASTIC SURGERY A
genius who has been glowingly recognized in the annals of medical
science. Born to sage Vishwamitra, Acharya Sudhrut details the first
ever surgery procedures in " Sushrut Samhita ," a unique encyclopedia of
surgery. He is venerated as the father of plastic surgery and the
science of anesthesia. When surgery was in its infancy in Europe ,
Sushrut was performing Rhinoplasty (restoration of a damaged nose) and
other challenging operations. In the " Sushrut Samhita ," he prescribes
treatment for twelve types of fractures and six types of dislocations.
His details on human embryology are simply amazing. Sushrut used 125
types of surgical instruments including scalpels, lancets, needles,
Cathers and rectal speculums; mostly designed from the jaws of animals
and birds. He has also described a number of stitching methods; the use
of horse's hair as thread and fibers of bark. In the " Sushrut Samhita
," and fibers of bark. In the " Sushrut Samhita ," he details 300 types
of operations. The ancient Indians were the pioneers in amputation,
caesarian and cranial surgeries.
Acharya Sushrut was a giant in the arena of medical science.

(Embedded image moved to file: pic25667.jpg) EMINENT ASTROLOGER AND
ASTRONOMERA Renowned astrologer and astronomer who was honored with a
special decoration and status as one of the nine gems in the court of
King Vikramaditya in Avanti ( Ujjain ). Varahamihir's book
"panchsiddhant" holds a prominent place in the realm of astronomy. He
notes that the moon and planets are lustrous not because of their own
light but due to sunlight. In the " Bruhad Samhita " and " Bruhad Jatak
," he has revealed his discoveries in the domains of geography,
constellation, science, botany and animal science. In his treatise on
botanical science, Varamihir presents cures for various diseases
afflicting plants and trees. The rishi-scientist survives through his
unique contributions to the science of astrology and astronomy.

(Embedded image moved to file: pic26299.jpg) FATHER OF YOGA The Science
of Yoga is one of several unique contributions of India to the world. It
seeks to discover and realize the ultimate Reality through yogic
practices. Acharya Patanjali , the founder, hailed from the district of
Gonda (Ganara) in Uttar Pradesh . He prescribed the control of prana
breath) as the means to control the body, mind and soul. This
subsequently rewards one with good health and inner happiness. Acharya
Patanjali 's 84 yogic postures effectively enhance the efficiency of the
respiratory, circulatory, nervous, digestive and endocrine systems and
many other organs of the body. Yoga has eight limbs where Acharya
Patanjali shows the attainment of the ultimate bliss of God in samadhi
through the disciplines
of: yam, niyam, asan, pranayam, pratyahar, dhyan and dharna. The Science
of Yoga has gained popularity because of its scientific approach and
Yoga also holds the honored place as one of six philosophies in the
Indian philosophical system. Acharya Patanjali will forever be
remembered and revered as a pioneer in the science of self-discipline,
happiness and self-realization.

(Embedded image moved to file: pic17035.jpg) PIONEER OF AVIATION
TECHNOLOGY Acharya Bharadwaj had a hermitage in the holy city of Prayag
and was an ordent apostle of Ayurveda and mechanical sciences. He
authored the "
Yantra Sarvasva " which includes astonishing and outstanding discoveries
in aviation science, space science and flying machines. He has described
three categories of flying machines: 1.) One that flies on earth from
one place to another. 2.) One that travels from one planet to another.
3.) And One that travels from one universe to another. His designs and
descriptions have impressed and amazed aviation engineers of today. His
brilliance in aviation technology is further reflected through
techniques described by
1.) Profound Secret: The technique to make a flying machine invisible
through the application of sunlight and wind force.
2.) Living Secret: The technique to make an invisible space machine
visible through the application of electrical force.
3.) Secret of Eavesdropping: The technique to listen to a conversation
in another plane.
4.) Visual Secrets: The technique to see what's happening inside another
Through his innovative and brilliant discoveries, Acharya Bharadwaj has
been recognized as the pioneer of aviation technology.

(Embedded image moved to file: pic09894.jpg) FATHER OF COSMOLOGY
Celebrated as the founder of Sankhya philosophy, Acharya Kapil is
believed to have been born in 3000 BCE to the illustrious sage Kardam
and Devhuti.
He gifted the world with the Sankhya School of Thought. His pioneering
work threw light on the nature and principles of the ultimate Soul
(Purusha), primal matter (Prakruti) and creation. His concept of
transformation of energy and profound commentaries on atma, non-atma and
the subtle elements of the cosmos places him in an elite class of master
achievers - incomparable to the discoveries of other cosmologists. On
his assertion that Prakruti, with the inspiration of Purusha, is the
mother of cosmic creation and all energies, he contributed a new chapter
in the science of cosmology. Because of his extrasensory observations
and revelations on the secrets of creation, he is recognized and saluted
as the Father of Cosmology.


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